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Overview
Tinnitus is a condition in which you experience ringing or other disturbances in one or both ears. When you have tinnitus, the noise you hear isn't generated by external sounds, and most people can't hear it. Tinnitus is a frequent disease. It affects 15% to 20% of the population, with elderly persons being the most affected.
Tinnitus is generally caused by an underlying disease, such as hearing loss due to ageing, an ear injury, or a circulatory system problem. Treatment of the underlying cause or other therapies that diminish or conceal the noise, making tinnitus less obvious, relieves tinnitus for many people.

Types of tinnitus
Despite the fact that tinnitus is a relatively prevalent illness, each person's tinnitus is distinct. There are several forms of tinnitus, and your tinnitus is most likely to fit into one of them.

Subjective tinnitus
This is the most common kind of tinnitus, and it is typically induced by loud noise exposure. Subjective tinnitus is a type of tinnitus that only you can hear. It can come and go, and its length and severity can change. Tinnitus is a problem for many individuals because it drowns out other essential noises in the surroundings, making it harder to concentrate on what matters to you.
Objective tinnitus

This is one of the most uncommon forms of tinnitus. The only form of tinnitus that can be heard by an outside observer, generally using a stethoscope, is objective tinnitus. Tinnitus that is objective moves in rhythm with the heartbeat.

Somatic tinnitus
Tinnitus that is associated with physical movement and touch is known as somatic tinnitus. Muscle spasms in the ear or neck, as well as other mechanical causes, can cause it. Although sound therapy can help with somatic tinnitus, other treatments, such as massage therapy, can also be beneficial.

Sensory tinnitus
The majority of persons who suffer tinnitus have sensory tinnitus. Tinnitus caused by a malfunctioning auditory system is known as sensory tinnitus. There is no known treatment for sensory tinnitus at this time, however following a proven tinnitus management programme can help control the tinnitus and its negative effects.

Treatment approach
If your tinnitus is caused by an underlying health issue, your treatment options are limited. If the tinnitus persists after therapy or is caused by loud noise, health providers offer a variety of non-medical alternatives for reducing or masking the annoying sounds. Tinnitus can sometimes go away on its own, without any intervention. It's important to remember, though, that not all tinnitus can be eradicated or decreased, regardless of the reason.

If excessive earwax is the source of your tinnitus, your doctor will take it out using a little curved device called a curette or gently flush it out with warm water. If you have an ear infection, you may be prescribed hydrocortisone ear drops to reduce the itching and an antibiotic to combat the infection. In rare situations of tumours, cysts, or otosclerosis, surgery may be required.

Medications
Drugs can't cure tinnitus, but they can help lessen the intensity of symptoms and consequences in certain situations. Your doctor may recommend medicine to assist ease your symptoms, either to address an underlying problem or to manage the anxiety and sadness that commonly accompany tinnitus.