A parotidectomy is the surgical removal of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands. The procedure is most typically performed due to tumors, which are growths of rapidly and abnormally dividing cells. Neoplasms can be non-cancerous or cancerous.
There are two parotid glands in the human body. Each parotid gland is located high in the neck just below the ears. A salivary duct by which saliva is produced and released, runs through the inside of each cheek from each gland. the outside temporal bone facial nerve and its subsidiaries run through the parotid gland and supply nerves to the face.Types of Parotid Surgery
- Extracapsular Dissection
- Superficial or Lateral Parotidectomy
- Total Parotidectomy
- Radical Parotidectomy
Microscopic laryngeal surgery also known as microlaryngoscopy, is the most precise means of visualizing and operating on the vocal folds. It allows the use of the two most essential tool sets in laryngeal surgery: the operative microscope, and microlaryngeal dissection instruments. All surgery is done through a laryngoscope, an instrument inserted via the mouth, without the need to make skin incisions.
Surgery for voice problems is fortunately quite uncommon; most voice disorders can be treated with medications or voice therapy. However, there are certain conditions in which operative measures are necessary. Some benign vocal fold lesions such as cysts or polyps may not respond to more conservative treatment and will need surgery. Surgery is also needed to biopsy or to treat lesions on the larynx that are suspicious for laryngeal cancer.
Microlaryngoscopy is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia, administered and monitored by an anesthesiologist working in close collaboration with the surgeon. Despite the use of general anesthesia, it remains an ambulatory procedure - allowing a patient to go home the same day as the procedure, which takes approximately one hour. Pain after surgery is not severe, and rarely requires more than over-the-counter pain relievers.Tinnitus is most often described as a ringing in the ears, even though no external sound is present. However, tinnitus can also cause other types of phantom noises in your ears, including:
Most people who have tinnitus have subjective tinnitus, or tinnitus that only you can hear. The noises of tinnitus may vary in pitch from a low roar to a high squeal, and you may hear it in one or both ears. In some cases, the sound can be so loud it interferes with your ability to concentrate or hear external sound. Tinnitus may be present all the time, or it may come and go.Causes of Tinnitus
- Hearing Loss
- Ear infection or ear canal blockage
- Head or neck injuries
- Muscle spasms in the inner ear
- Blood vessel disorders